Muehrcke’s nails or Muehrcke’s lines (apparent leukonychia striata) are changes in the fingernail that may be a sign of an underlying medical condition. The term refers to a set of one or more pale transverse bands extending all the way across the nail, parallel to the lunula.
Several disease states that cause hypoalbuminemia may be associated with Muehrcke lines. The appearance of paired, white bands is most likely due to a chronic nutritional deficiency of albumin. Additionally, Muehrcke lines of the fingernails have been reported after trauma and chemotherapy.
Likewise, what are splinter hemorrhages a sign of? Splinter hemorrhages occur when blood leaks or swells from small blood vessels that run up and down the nail bed. Tiny blood clots known as microemboli in the capillaries can also cause splinter hemorrhages. One of the most common causes of splinter hemorrhages is trauma to the nails.
Beside above, what does a line on fingernail mean?
A narrow black line that has formed vertically underneath your nail is called a splinter hemorrhage. It occurs for a variety of reasons and may be harmless or a sign of a more serious health condition. The condition is caused by damaged small blood vessels underneath your nail.
What do Beau’s lines look like?
Beau’s lines. Beau’s lines are deep grooved lines that run from side to side on the fingernail or the toenail. They may look like indentations or ridges in the nail plate. This condition of the nail was named by a French physician, Joseph Honoré Simon Beau (1806–1865), who first described it in 1846.
What vitamin deficiency causes lines in nails?
If your body is low in protein, calcium, zinc, or vitamin A, a deficiency can sometimes be revealed by ridges in your fingernails.
Why do I have horizontal lines on my nails?
Beau’s lines are nail ridges that run horizontally across the fingernail. These ridges are often deep, and multiple lines may appear across the nail. Horizontal ridges are often a sign of an underlying condition that requires diagnosis and treatment. thyroid disease.
What is Hypoalbuminemia?
Hypoalbuminemia (or hypoalbuminaemia) is a medical sign in which the level of albumin in the blood is low. This can be due to decreased production in the liver, increased loss in the gastrointestinal tract or kidneys, increased use in the body, or abnormal distribution between body compartments.
Why do I have a GREY line on my nail?
Share on Pinterest In some cases, black lines on the nails may be caused by melanoma. Most commonly, dark stripes down a person’s nail are due to a symptom known as linear melanonychia. The condition occurs when pigments in the nail known as melanocytes make excess pigment.
What does nail fungus look like?
Nail fungus is a common condition that begins as a white or yellow spot under the tip of your fingernail or toenail. As the fungal infection goes deeper, nail fungus may cause your nail to discolor, thicken and crumble at the edge. But even if treatment is successful, nail fungus often comes back.
What do your nails say about your health?
Did you know your nails can reveal clues to your overall health? A touch of white here, a rosy tinge there, or some rippling or bumps may be a sign of disease in the body. Problems in the liver, lungs, and heart can show up in your nails.
What is Leukonychia?
Specialty. Dermatology. Leukonychia (or leuconychia), is a medical term for white discolouration appearing on nails. It is derived from the Greek words leuko (“white”) and onyx (“nail”). The most common cause is injury to the base of the nail (the matrix) where the nail is formed.
Is nail melanoma curable?
Melanoma is a life threatening but potentially treatable form of cancer if diagnosed and managed at an early stage. However, early melanoma arising on the foot, particularly within the nail unit and on the plantar surface, can be difficult to recognise. Consequently, this can lead to delays in diagnosis.
What does nail melanoma look like?
But since subungual melanoma affects the nail matrix, the signs and symptoms don’t look like a typical mole on the skin. Symptoms of this condition include: a light- to dark-brown colored band on the nail that’s usually vertical. a dark band on the nail that slowly expands and covers more of the nail.
Are Beau’s lines a sign of cancer?
However, Beau’s lines can result from any disease process or illness that is severe enough to affect the growth plate of the nail. Malnutrition and chemotherapy drugs for cancer can also cause Beau’s lines. The timing of the disease can be estimated by measuring the distance from the Beau’s line to the nail bed.
Is Melanonychia a cancer?
The outlook for malignant melanonychia is not as good. Cancer of the nail is challenging to catch in the early stages because of its similarities to the benign causes of melanonychia. Research has found that performing a biopsy on most melanonychia is the best way to get an earlier diagnosis.
What are the signs of nail cancer?
Signs of Nail (Subungual) Melanoma: a brown or black streak. streaks that increase in size. no known injury to the nail. a bruise that does not heal or grow out with the nail. nail separating from nail bed. ulcer, nodule or bleeding developing. darkening skin next to nail (advanced stage)
Is black line on nail dangerous?
Another cause of black lines on the nails is a splinter hemorrhage, which occurs when blood vessels under the fingernail are damaged, often due to injuries, such as hitting. More seriously, a black line or lines on the nails can indicate the presence of melanoma, a dangerous form of skin cancer.
What does it mean when there are white lines on your nails?
White spots or streaks are normal and nothing to worry about. Parallel white lines that extend all the way across the nails, known as Muehrcke’s lines, are a sign of low levels of protein in the blood. In contrast to Beau’s lines, they’re not grooved. They can occur as a result of liver disease or malnutrition.
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