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When was oligarchy first used?

Aristotle pioneered the use of the term as meaning rule by the rich, for which another term commonly used today is plutocracy. In the early 20th century Robert Michels developed the theory that democracies, as all large organizations, have a tendency to turn into oligarchies.

Athenian coup of 411 BC

Date June 9, 411 BC
Type Coup
Cause Revolution
Organised by Alcibiades
Outcome Overthrew the democratic government of ancient Athens and replaced it with a short-lived oligarchy known as The Four Hundred.

Beside above, who rules in an oligarchy? Oligarchy, government by the few, especially despotic power exercised by a small and privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes. Oligarchies in which members of the ruling group are wealthy or exercise their power through their wealth are known as plutocracies.

Beside this, when did oligarchy end in ancient Greece?

Unfortunately, information concerning oligarchies in the Greek world is sparse. We know that in 411 BCE in Athens, ‘the oligarchy of the 400′ took power out of the hands of the Assembly and were themselves superseded by a more moderate oligarchy of 5000.

Where is an oligarchy most common?

They are influenced solely within the small group of people with whom the power is held. The most well-known example is the former Soviet Union. Other examples of oligarchy governments are found in the countries of China, North Korea, and Venezuela.

What are the 4 types of politics?

Anthropologists generally recognize four kinds of political systems, two of which are uncentralized and two of which are centralized. Uncentralized systems. Band society. Centralized governments. Chiefdom. Supranational political systems. Empires. Leagues.

What are the 4 types of government?

What are the four types of government (oligarchy, aristocracy, monarchy, democracy)?

Who defeated Sparta?

Sparta was the principal enemy of Athens during the Peloponnesian War (between 431 and 404 BC), from which it emerged victorious. The defeat by Thebes in the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC ended Sparta’s prominent role, though it maintained its political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC.

What does oligarchy mean in Greek?

oligarchy. The political term, oligarchy, comes to English from the Greek with its meaning intact — a form of government run by a small number of people such as wealthy landowners, royalty or powerful military figures.

Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?

In 430 BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.

Who could vote in Athens?

Male citizens in Athens could vote on all the decisions that affected the city and serve on juries. However, democracy was not open to everyone. Citizen women and children were not allowed to vote. Slaves and foreigners living in Athens (known as metics) were banned from participating in government.

How did democracy come into existence?

The term “democracy” first appeared in ancient Greek political and philosophical thought in the city-state of Athens during classical antiquity. The word comes from demos, “common people” and kratos, “strength”. Led by Cleisthenes, Athenians established what is generally held as the first democracy in 508–507 BC.

Which was common to all Greek city states?

The cultural elements that were common to all Greek city-states were epics, alphabet, religion. Although the geographical features forced ancient greeks to create many different city-states, they shared culture. Geography landscapes such as mountains and many islands divided the city-states.

Who created the oligarchy?

Aristotle pioneered the use of the term as meaning rule by the rich, for which another term commonly used today is plutocracy. In the early 20th century Robert Michels developed the theory that democracies, as all large organizations, have a tendency to turn into oligarchies.

Why is aristocracy important?

Aristocracy is justified because the purpose of civil society is to promote nobility, the highest level of virtue possible to humans. Therefore, the best, those who have become habituated to noble and good acts through long experience, should rule.

What are two types of oligarchies?

What are two types of oligarchies? Oligarchy is where a small group of people have control over a country or organization. Theocracy is a system of government where the priests rule in the name of God. Monarchy is where a single person is the head of a government.

How were oligarchy and tyranny different?

1b: How were oligarchy and tyranny different? Oligarchy is a government where only a few people have power but tyranny is when one leader holds power through the use of force. The Athens had direct democracy so allthe citizens could participate directly in government.

Who was the first king of ancient Greece?

Alexander the Great

Why and how were governments created?

Governments are created to establish and order among people. Since the beginning of time, humans have needed a system to guide and govern them because humans desire some type of order.

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